Information of Interest to Patients
What is a diagnostic cardiac catheterization procedure?
It is an invasive procedure performed by certified cardiovascular physicians which most often is indicated for the diagnosis of coronary vessel evaluation responsible for unstable coronary syndromes most often referred as "heart attack". It consists of a catheter based technique in a hospital setting for evaluation on coronary anatomy, with the majority of times identifying a culprit coronary vessel causing delayed or obstructed blood flow to the heart muscle. Duration depends on the complexity of the procedure and access management but mostly can vary from 20 - 45 minutes. Depending on the results of the study the patient may be referred for consideration on revascularization which can be performed via a catheter or surgical based technique.
What is a Percutaneous Coronary Intervention?
Invasive catheter based technique mostly used for coronary revascularization of diseased vessels with newer state of the art techniques involving access management and safer percutaneous revascularization devices which diminish major cardiovascular adverse effect. Percutaneous interventions can be performed on the structural heart, valves, and peripheral interventions of lower extremity to achieve similar revascularization results of coronary intervention. Usually it is performed and planned after a diagnostic cardiac catheterization, and only if deemed a suitable candidate by the interventional cardiologist unless it is performed on an emergency basis such as acute oclussion of a coronary vessel.
What are the risks and benefits involved with cardiac and percutaneous interventions?
There are mutliple risks and benefits that should be discussed extensively with your cardiovascular professional. We at Cardiology Elite promote and educate patients towards an informed consent decision based on the maximal benefit and minimizing as much as possible known risks.